Settlements

Many of Tamgaly settlements are multilayered sites with cultural remains of several historic epochs. Only two settlements -Tamgaly I and Tamgaly V - were excavated. The most valuable stratigraphic data, which revealed cultural layers of four historic epochs,   was collected from the Tamgaly-I settlement. 

 Tamgaly I settlement is located in the mountain valley, on the southern slope of the  hill, on the left bank of western affluent of the Tamgaly River. Remains of four circular stone structures have been preserved on the surface. Findings consist of fossils, ceramic sherds, bone treated articles and fragments of metalwork.

There was found well preserved stone basis of the dwelling dated by the Late Bronze Age (XII-X cc. BC due to calibrated dates) at the depth of 2,8 – 3,2 meters with a hearth and ritual burial of sheep made under the floor; earthenware is presented with forms of the Donghal type and fragments of wheel-made and black lacquered imported pottery.  Above this were fixed remains of stone structures referred to the Early Iron Age (VI/V-IV cc. BC, II c. BC –I c. AD due to three calibrated dates), superimposed with two layers of fire-ravaged remains, Late Medieval period (XVI-XVII cc.) and Late Ethnography period (turn of XIX-XX cc.). Over 10 caliber dating were obtained by 14C and electron paramagnetic resonance methods for all cultural layers.

The plan of the dwelling on the settlement of Tamgaly 1, according to Rogozhinsky A.E. – Petroglyphs within the Archeological Landscape of Tamgaly.

Artifacts from the settlement of Tamgaly 1, according to Rogozhinsky A.E.  – Petroglyphs within the Archeological Landscape of Tamgaly.

Archaeological excavations of the site has been held by Tamgaly Archaeological team of the Archaeology Institute of National Academy of Sciences of RK in 1992 and in 1998-2000 by NIPI PMK under the head of A.E. Rogozhinsky. Cultural remains of four chronological periods: the Bronze Age, The Early Iron Age, The Late Medieval period and the end of XIX cc. were revealed. Particular significance of the site is determined by presence of stationary living and household structures erected of stones with petroglyphs on several of them.

Petroglyphs over the settlement. Rock carvings are fixed on the slope and ridge of the hill above the settlement. There are more than 100 images attributed to the Bronze Age, the Early Iron Age and Medieval period.

The image of an elephant with the driver, the Middle Ages.

Tamgaly V settlement is situated on the flared part of the eroded valley mouth, on the left bank of the dried up river-bed. Remains of several stone constructions, superimposed with deluvial-proluvial deposits, have been preserved on the surface. The stratigraphy pit, that was excavated out in 1992 by the Tamgaly Archaeological team of Archaeology Institute of National Academy of Sciences of RK under the leadership of G.S Zhumabekova and A.E Rogozhinsky, revealed the cultural layer and remains of stone structures, dated by the Early Iron Age.

Group of petroglyphs round the settlement Tamgaly V.

Site’s petroglyphs.  Petroglyphs occupy southern slopes of the hill on the left side of the gorge, above the Tamgaly V settlement. More than 150 subjects were carved there. Several of them can be dated by the Bronze Age. Petroglyphs of the Early Iron Age are prevailing among others. They are presented by animal figures executed in the Sakae Animal Style, scenes of chasing and hunting wild goats and deer, uncertain labyrinth –shaped carved subjects.

The mikalent copy of the plane located at the settlement of the Tamgaly of V according to Rogozhinsky A.E.  – Petroglyphs within the Archeological Landscape of Tamgaly.

The petroglyph photo on one of the panels of the group at the settlement Tamgaly V.

Рис. Живописный ландшафт нжней части долины Шошкаы в мае.