Burial ground

The burial ground of Karakuduk II  (the Bronze Age – 13-12th cc. BC).  The monument was discovered and studied in 1957 by Semirechensky Archaeological team of the Southern Kazakhstan Archaeological Expedition of the Academy of Sciences of Kazakh SSR under the leadership of A.G. Maksimova.  The burial ground refers to Semirechie variant of Andronovo culture.  The excavations of this site launched a start to the scientific research in Tamgaly. 

The cemetery consists of 4 cysts with remains of adults, 25 stone boxes with burials of children and few symbolic graves-cenotaphs. Ceramic vessels, jewelry (earring, beads, mollusk sink) and bronze mirror plaque were found along with remains of people. A carved image was found on the stone wall in one of the graves.

During the excavations on this burial ground, 19th September, 1957, a photographer A.A.Popov found petroglyphs in Tamgaly Gorge. 

Burial ground Karakuduk II, stone boxes and tsist, bronze era.

The monument was investigated in September 21-24, 1957 by Semirechensky group of the Southern Kazakhstan archaeological expedition of AS Kaz.SSR under the head of  A. G. Maximova.

Ritual altars of the burial ground Karakuduk II, stone stele. The Early Iron Age.

 Three ritual stone fencings (altars) intended for commission of ceremonies in honor of died ancestors. In an average fencing there was a stone stele (a "olenny" stone) with images of the weapon – a quiver with onions and a fighting axe-chekana. To the North from fencings there is a group of big "imperial" barrows of Saka culture.

The burial ground Tamgaly II  Southern part of the cemetery dated to the Bronze Age 13-12 cc. BC. It was found and studied in 1985-1988 by an archaeological Expedition of the Kazakh Pedagogical Institute named after Abai under the leadership of A.N. Maryashev. The monument relate to the Semirechie variant of Andronovo culture.

Burial ground Tamgaly II: 1) a vessel from the tsist, 2) the plan of the fencing.

There are four graves- cysts construct from the raw stones in the fencing with an extension. In the cysts the burned remains of bodies (three men and the woman of advanced age) and subjects of accompanying stock were found: the not ornamented ceramic vessels and bronze jewelry (beads). The cremation was made out of graves, the burned bones from all parts of a skeleton are scattered on a bottom of graves.

 The burial ground consists of stone cysts and boxes with burials of adults and children, along with symbolic graves (cenotaphs) without remains of people. The dead were buried in a writhed position laid on the left side, with turned to the west head; excavated were also remains of the bodies after cremation ceremonies. In the graves were found ceramic vessels and bronze jewelry (earring, beads). Petroglyphs were found on the wall stones of two graves

Burial ground of Tamgaly II (southern part). General view of stone boxes and tsists.

The plan of the tsist, drawingss of petroglyphs on its walls. The Middle Bronze Age.

For construction two tsists, there are few stones with petroglyphs were used: in the tsist No. 9 the image of a circle with the line departing from it (perhaps, the sketch of a figure of the "sunheaded" deity); in the tsist No. 11 on three stones – images of adorants (the praying people), the bull (?), the goat, etc.

Tamgaly IV burial ground is located in the flared part of the Tamgaly River Valley, on its right bank. Burials occupy elevated platforms of the second above flood-plain terrace, overlapped with diluvia layer and crossed from the east with eroded valleys. About 10 burial constructions – cists in stone henges and attached to them from outside boxes form continuous line oriented west-south-west. An isolated cist is situated at a distance of 3-4 km to the east.

Archaeological excavations of the site were held in 1992 by the Tamgaly Archaeological team of the Institute of Archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of RK under the leadership of A.E Rogozhinsky. Four burials have been excavated in the eastern part of the cemetery. Funeral inventory includes earthenware, bronze beads and two sets of temple rings with funnel-shaped opening and spiral edge.

Typological features of burial structures, funeral equipment and absolute data allows attributing the monument to the XIII/XII-X cc. BC.

The plan of fencing in a burial ground of Tamgaly IV (by Rogozhinsky A.E.  – Petroglyphs within the Archeological Landscape of Tamgaly).

Tamgaly V burial ground is located on the debris cone 170 m to the South from the Tamgaly IV cemetery. Territory of necropolis is occupied with remains of modern buildings. Traces of stone box and fence 3 to 3 meters in seize are fixed above the surface. Construction is dated by the Bronze Age.

To the west of the stone fence henge is situated kurgan, supposedly referred to the Early Iron Age. Embankment was destroyed with a road. 

Могильник Тамгалы VI(N  43º47´51,7´´E 075º32´12,35´´). Могильник является самым крупным могильников эпохи бронзы комплекса Тамгалы.

Tamgaly VI burial ground. The cemetery is considered to be the largest Bronze Age monument of the Tamgaly complex.

Burial ground is situated on the flared part of the Tamgaly River valley, on the second above flood-plain terrace overlapped with the debris cone of the dry valley. The planigraphy of the site reveals the system of square and rectangular henges adjusted to each other in 2-3 rows in sub-meridian direction. Main part of necropolis occupies about 1 500 sq. meters.

Archaeological excavations of the cemetery were held in 1986 by the Expedition of Abay Kazakh Pedagogical Institute under the leadership of A.N. Mar’yashev; in 1989-1994 – by the Tamgaly Archaeological team of the Institute of Archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of RK under the leadership of A.E Rogozhinsky. Two lines of fences were partially uncovered during excavations. A single burial in box or cist is placed inside each fence. ‘Child’s’ boxes are located in the north and west part of the cemetery close by henges. Funeral rites are presented by cremation and inhumation types.

The accompanying material from burials of a complex of the Tamgaly.

The dating of the site is based on typological features of burial equipment and calibrated dating of the monument within second half of XIV-XII/XI cc. BC.